Resuscitation in the Home Setting
The following guidance has been provided by Liz Daniels, a recently retired Neonatal Clinical Educator who has completed the General Instructor Course that allows her to teach Doctors, Nurses and Parents resuscitation. The resource was from the Resuscitation Council Website which had updated information for Covid.
Cardiac Arrest can happen anywhere, but you are most likely to be at home. If you find someone collapsed follow these steps:
Shout for nearby help.
Always check for danger before approaching the person. Shout at them, and gently shake or firmly tap their shoulders to check for a response.
Check their breathing looking for the rise and fall of their chest. DO NOT place your ear or you cheek to the person's face.
If they aren’t breathing or not breathing normally call 999, if you have help get them to call 999.
If you are on your own put your mobile on speaker. The Emergency call handler will talk you through how to do CPR and tell you if there is an External Defibrillator or AED nearby (High Ham Primary School entrance porch)
Send someone to fetch it but don’t leave the person if you are on your own.
If you suspect the person has COVID then place a cloth over the person’s mouth and nose before starting compressions.
Place your hands on the centre of the chest and begin pushing hard. Aim for 2 beats per second and do not stop until someone can take over, you are exhausted, the AED arrives or the emergency call handler tells you to.
If the AED arrives, this can give an electrical shock to help restart the heart.
It will talk you through the whole process so listen carefully to the instructions.
Continue CPR until the person shows signs of life, the AED advises another shock or until the paramedic takes over.
Make sure you know where the nearest AED is where you live.
The defibrillator/AED is very easy to use.
Call 999 and give them a location code which should be written on the AED cover. You can then input the code and remove the AED. The emergency code handler will stay on the line to assist you.
There should be scissors and a razor in the AED case. The electrodes have to be placed on the patients skin. For speed cut the clothing and if the person has a hairy chest shave the area and place the electrode pads on the skin. There are instructions on the pads as to where they should be placed. The AED will give you spoken and visual instructions to follow.
These machines are very easy to use and save lives. It will not deliver a shock to the patient if it is not required.